Prix du Canada

L’influence de certaines familles importantes toujours présente au Québec

L’élite sociale du Québec a pu imposer ses valeurs à la société québécoise au point où même aujourd’hui les espaces publics comme les églises, les cimetières et les parcs influencent notre comportement, affirme un historien de l’Université McGill.

Brian Young est l’auteur de Patrician Families and the Making of Quebec: The Taschereaus and McCords, qui vient de remporter le Prix du Canada 2016 en sciences humaines décerné par la Fédération des sciences humaines. Le livre trace l’histoire de deux grandes familles bourgeoises sur une période de 150 ans, de 1780 à 1930 environ.

Les Taschereau sont francophones et catholiques; les McCord anglophones et protestants. Le cheminement des deux familles se ressemble : Grands propriétaires terriens, ils se servent de leurs...

Read more »

Powerful Quebec families’ influence still felt today: author

Quebec’s social elite worked for decades to impose its values on Quebec society, and was successful to the point where even public spaces like churches, cemeteries and parks still shape our behaviour, says a McGill University historian.

Brian Young is the author of Patrician Families and the Making of Quebec: The Taschereaus and McCords, which has won the 2016 Canada Prize in the Humanities awarded by the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. The book follows two prominent families over the course of 150 years, from roughly 1780 to 1930.

The Taschereaus are French and Catholic; the McCords are English-speaking and Protestant. Both families followed a similar path: they parlayed important land holdings into money and influence, and worked hard to make sure...

Read more »

Les connaissances des peoples autochtones montrent la voie de la durabilité écologique

Nancy Turner affirme que les connaissances acquises au fil des millénaires par les peuples autochtones montrent qu’il est possible de développer une approche durable à l’utilisation des ressources naturelles. Ces connaissances, dit-elle, ont permis à ces peuples de survivre et même de s’épanouir en dépit de changements climatiques aussi importants que la fin de la dernière époque glacière.

Mme Turner, une spécialiste en ethnobotanique, vient de gagner le Prix du Canada 2016 en sciences sociales pour un livre en deux tomes qui explore la connaissance des plantes que possèdent les peuples autochtones du nord-ouest de l’Amérique du Nord. Le prix est attribué par la Fédération des sciences humaines.

Intitulé Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge: Ethnobotany and Ecological...

Read more »

Indigenous knowledge points the way to sustainability, says author

Nancy Turner says the knowledge accumulated over thousands of years by indigenous peoples shows it’s possible to develop a sustainable approach to the use of natural resources. That knowledge, she says, allowed people to survive and thrive through climate change events as important as the end of the last ice age.

Turner, an ethnobotanist, has won the 2016 Canada Prize in the Social Sciences for her two-volume study of the knowledge of plants possessed by indigenous peoples in northwestern North America. The prize is awarded by the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Entitled Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge: Ethnobotany and Ecological Wisdom of Indigenous Peoples of Northwestern North America, Turner’s book examines the relationship between people and...

Read more »

Alimentation et pouvoir : Quand les élites nous disent quoi manger

 

L’alimentation, selon Caroline Durand, est un lieu de convergence de plusieurs aspects de la vie humaine, dont la santé, la science, les relations homme-femme, les relations sociales et le rapport à la nature. L’étude de l’alimentation devient donc une loupe intéressante pour observer les humains.

Dans son livre Nourrir la machine humaine : Nutrition et alimentation au Québec, 1860-1945, Mme Durand brosse le portrait d’une société où les élites utilisent l’alimentation pour tenter d’imposer leur façon de penser. Le livre de Mme Durand vient de se voir attribuer le Prix du Canada 2016 en sciences humaines. Le prix est décerné par la Fédération des sciences humaines.

La période examinée dans le livre correspond à l’industrialisation du Québec et du...

Read more »

Food and Power: When the elites tell us what to eat

 

Food, says Caroline Durand, brings together a number of different aspects of human life, such as health, science, relations between the sexes, social relations and our relationship to nature. Food is therefore an interesting prism through which to examine humans.

In her book Nourrir la machine humaine : Nutrition et alimentation au Québec, 1860-1945, Durand paints the portrait of a society in which the people with power try to impose their values through food. The book has won the 2016 Canada Prize in the Humanities awarded by the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences.

The period Durand studies roughly covers Quebec’ industrialisation and the massive movement of people from the countryside to the cities. At the same time, people were beginning to...

Read more »

Adolescentes et mode : Repenser la question d’hypersexualisation

Il y a une dizaine d’années, la chanteuse populaire Britney Spears a fait couler beaucoup d’encre en déclenchant une controverse au sujet des adolescentes qui imitaient sa façon dite ‘sexy’ de s’habiller.

Caroline Caron, une professeure au Département des sciences sociales à l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, a cherché à déconstruire le discours autour de la mode sexy chez les jeunes filles – en partie en donnant la parole aux adolescentes elles-mêmes.

Le résultat est un livre, Vues, mais non entendues : Les adolescentes québécoises et l’hypersexualisation, qui vient de recevoir le Prix du Canada 2016 en sciences sociales de la Fédération des sciences humaines.

Selon Mme Caron, il n’y a jamais eu de vrai débat autour...

Read more »

Teens and sexy outfits: Taking a second look at the issue ‘hypersexualization’ of fashion

About a decade ago, singer Britney Spears set off a storm of controversy when teenage girls started imitating her ‘sexy’ style of dress.

Caroline Caron, a professor in the Department of Social Sciences at the Université du Québec en Outaouais, has taken a second look at the issue in a new book that attempts to deconstruct the debate – in part by hearing what teenage girls have to say about it.

Her book Vues, mais non entendues : Les adolescentes québécoises et l’hypersexualisation has won the 2016 Canada Prize in the Social Sciences.

Caron says that there never was a proper debate around the issue of teenage girls imitating Britney Spears’ style of dress, because at the time everyone seemed to agree that it was a bad thing....

Read more »

Canada Prizes 2015: Canada’s political class in the pocket of the oil industry?

Daniel Drolet

It is nearly impossible for a Canadian politician to criticize the oil industry, says Dominique Perron, author of a new book that looks at identities, myths and the discourse surrounding the oil industry in Western Canada.

That fact is a major impediment that prevents the country from having a real debate about the big issues – like the oil sands – that involve the oil industry.

That lack of debate risks undermining the Alberta economy in the long term, she warns. And Quebec, she adds, should not be complacent: Its Caisse de dépôt, the fund that manages public pension plan money in Quebec, invests heavily in Alberta, and is exposed to the same long-term risks as Albertans....

Read more »

Canada Prizes 2015: Jean-Paul Sartre’s American dream

Daniel Drolet

Jean-Paul Sartre, an influential French writer, philosopher and politically active intellectual in the mid-20th century, was fascinated by the United States.

A new book by Yan Hamel, a professor of literature at TÉLUQ, Quebec’s distance-learning university, analyzes that fascination and the effect it had on French opinion and political discourse, particularly on the left.

“Sartre set the agenda for discourse about the U.S. among left-wing French intellectuals after the Second World War,” says Hamel, adding that this was one of the reasons he decided to research the topic.

Hamel’s book, L’Amérique selon Sartre : littérature, philosophie,...

Read more »

Pages